DESCRIPTION: The BROTHERS study, a project of the HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN), aimed to see if certain strategies can show promise for slowing down the spread of HIV among Black men who have sex with men (Black MSM). Another aim is to better understand the men’s lives and how that relates to HIV risk.

OUTCOMES: The overall rate of new HIV infection among Black MSM in this study was 2.8% per year, a rate that is nearly 50% higher than in White MSM in the U.S. Even more alarming, HPTN061 found that young Black MSM—those 30 years of age and younger—acquired HIV infection at a rate of 5.9% per year, three times the rate among US White MSM. The overall infection rate among Black MSM in this US study is comparable to the rate seen in the general populations of countries in sub-Saharan Africa hardest hit by the HIV epidemic. Further results can be found here.

Two publications have since been released using data gathered from the HPTN061 Study:

1. Koblin, B., Mayer K., Eshleman, S., Wang, L., Mannheimer, S., del Rio, C., Shoptaw, S., Magnus, M., Buchbinder, S., Wilton, L., Ting-Yuan, L., Cummings, V., Piwowar-Manning, E., Fields, S., Griffith, S., Elharrar, V., Wheeler, D., for the HPTN 061 Protocol Team. Correlates of HIV acquisition in a cohort of black men who have sex with men in the United States: HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) 061. PLoS ONE 8(7): e70413. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0070413

2. Dyer, T.P., Regan, R., Wilton, L., Harawa, N.T., Ou, S.S., Wang, L., Shoptaw, S. Differences in substance use, psychosocial characteristics and HIV-related sexual risk behavior between black men who have sex with men only (BMSMO) and black men who have sex with men and women (BMSMW) in six US cities. Journal of Urban Health. 2013 Jul 30 (Epub ahead of print) PMCID: PMC in progress.